- The Greek form of the Hebrew "Jezreel," the name of the great plain (called by the natives Merj Ibn Amer; i.e., "the meadow of the son of Amer") which stretches across Central Palestine from the Jordan to the Mediterraanean, separating the mountain ranges of Carmel and Samaria from those of Galilee, extending about 14 miles from north to south, and 9 miles from east to west. It is drained by "that ancient river" the Kishon, which flows westward to the Mediterranean. From the foot of Mount Tabor it branches out into three valleys, that on the north passing between Tabor and Little Hermon (Judg. 4:14); that on the south between Mount Gilboa and En-gannim (2 Kings 9:27); while the central portion, the "valley of Jezreel" proper, runs into the Jordan valley (which is about 1,000 feet lower than Esdraelon) by Bethshean. Here Gideon gained his great victory over the Midianites (Judg. 7:1-25). Here also Barak defeated Sisera, and Saul's army was defeated by the Philistines, and king Josiah, while fighting in disguise against Necho, king of Egypt, was slain (2 Chr. 35:20-27; 2 Kings 23-29). This plain has been well called the "battle-field of Palestine." "It has been a chosen place for encampment in every contest carried on in this country, from the days of Nebuchadnezzar, king of the Assyrians, in the history of whose wars with Arphaxad it is mentioned as the Great Plain of Esdraelon, until the disastrous march of Napoleon Bonaparte from Egypt into Syria. Jews, Gentiles, Saracens, Crusaders, Frenchmen, Egyptians, Persians, Druses, Turks, and Arabs, warriors out of every nation which is under heaven, have pitched their tents in the plain, and have beheld the various banners of their nations wet with the dews of Tabor and Hermon" (Dr. Clark).
Easton's Bible Dictionary. M.G. Easton. 1897.
Look at other dictionaries:
Esdraelon — [ez΄drə ē′lən, es΄drə ē′lən] plain in N Israel, extending from the Jordan River valley to a coastal plain near Mt. Carmel: also, & in the Bible always, called JEZREEL … English World dictionary
Esdraelon — The plain west of the Jordan which divided Galilee from Samaria. Esdraelon was the Greek name for Jezreel though strictly it was the marshy area adjacent to the more fertile Jezreel. Many conflicts were fought in the area; Deborah against Sisera… … Dictionary of the Bible
Esdraelon — /es dray ee lon, dreuh , ez /, n. a plain in N Israel, extending from the Mediterranean near Mt. Carmel to the Jordan River: scene of ancient battles. Also called Plain of Jezreel. Cf. Megiddo. * * * … Universalium
ESDRAËLON — a flat and fertile valley in Galilee, called also the valley of Jezreel, which, with a maximum breadth of 9 m., extends in a NW. direction from the Jordan at Bathshean to the Bay of Acre … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Esdraelon — n. Plain of Jezreel, fertile agricultural region in north central Israel between Mt Carmel and the Jordan River, site of many ancient battles … English contemporary dictionary
Esdraelon — Es•dra•e•lon [[t]ˌɛs dreɪˈi lɒn, drə , ˌɛz [/t]] n. anh geg a plain in N Israel, extending from the Mediterranean near Mt. Carmel to the Jordan River: scene of ancient battles Also called Plain of Jezreel … From formal English to slang
Esdraelon — /ɛzdreɪˈilɒn/ (say ezdray eelon) noun a plain in northern Palestine (now in Israel); the site of many ancient battles. See Megiddo. Also, Plain of Jezreel … Australian English dictionary
Esdraelon — /es dray ee lon, dreuh , ez /, n. a plain in N Israel, extending from the Mediterranean near Mt. Carmel to the Jordan River: scene of ancient battles. Also called Plain of Jezreel. Cf. Megiddo … Useful english dictionary
Esdraelon, Plain of — Hebrew Emeq Yizreʽel Plain, northern Israel. About 25 mi (40 km) long, it divides the hilly areas of Galilee in the north and Samaria in the south. Part of the ancient passage between Egypt and the Fertile Crescent, it was an avenue of commerce… … Universalium
Esdraelon, Plain of — geographical name plain N Israel NE of Mt. Carmel in valley of the upper Qishon … New Collegiate Dictionary